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Alcohol Liver Disease continues to be leading cause of deaths in the country

Though Alcohol Liver Disease (ALD) continues to be the leading cause of deaths in the country with one death in every two days, the total number of deaths related to alcohol has decreased from 190 in 2016 to 166 in 2017.

In 2013, there were 129 ALD related deaths. However, the highest numbers of deaths were recorded in 2014 and 2016 with 176 and 190 respectively.

The Annual Health Bulletin 2018 which was released this week revealed that the top ten mortality diseases in the country after ALD are  other sepsis including Septicaemia followed by circulatory disease, respiratory and nose diseases, Pneumonia, Cerebro-Vascular diseases, other cancer, Meningitis/Encephalitis, and diseases of the digestive system.

This year, on the top ten mortality diseases is also the conditions originating in Perinatal period.

In 2017, there were 157 deaths by Sepsis, 112 deaths by circulatory diseases and 101 by respiratory and nose diseases in the country.

According to the Annual Health Bulletin 2018, there has also been a steady increase in the number of cases coming to the hospitals across the country. The number of ALD cases increased from 2,631 in 2013 to 3,134 in 2015, and the highest was seen in 2016 with 3,507 cases. However, last year the number decreased to 2,719.

Despite ALD being the top killer disease in the country, the incidences of ALD per 10,000 population has decreased from 46 in 2016 to 35 in 2017.

Among circulatory diseases, hypertension topped the charts with 21,669 cases in 2017. The number of hypertension cases decreased in 2017 by 13,272 cases in 2014 which saw a total of 34,941 hypertension cases.

Lucky Wangmo from Thimphu

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